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Brasília, the Brazilian national capital, and Federal District, is a planned city. Inaugurated in 1960, in the Central Highlands of Brazil, it is a masterpiece of modernist architecture, and the only city built in the 20th century to be counted amongst UNESCO's World Heritage sites. The city is designed in the shape of an airplane, with various separated zones assigned for specific functions such as housing, commerce, hospitals and banking. Brasilia attracts architecture aficionados worldwide. Below, we've made a list of the most important buildings and monuments you should visit while you're there! "Architecture is not a simple matter of engineering, but a manifestation of the spirit, imagination and poetry" -Oscar Niemeyer

What to See in Brasília

  • Catedral Metropolitana

    The national cathedral in Brasília is the Roman Catholic Cathedral serving Brasília, and serves as the seat of the Archdiocese of Brasília. It was designed by the famous Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, and was the first monument to be built in Brasília.
  • Congresso Nacional

    The Brazilian National Congress is another piece of art by Oscar Niemeyer. The National Congress is the legislative body of Brazil's federal government. The semi-sphere on the left is the seat of the Senate, and the semi-sphere on the right is the seat of the Chamber of the Deputies. Between them are two vertical office towers. The Congress also occupies other surrounding office buildings, some of them interconnected by a tunnel. The building is located in the middle of the Monumental Axis, the main street in Brasília.
  • Planalto Palace

    The Palácio do Planalto is the official workplace of the President of Brazil. The building was designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer and inaugurated on April 21, 1960. It has been the workplace of every Brazilian president since Juscelino Kubitschek. It is located at the Praça dos Três Poderes (Three Powers Plaza).
  • Praça dos Três Poderes

    You just can’t miss a visit to this place if you like architecture, and wish to know more about Brasília’s history. The name is derived from the presence of the three governmental powers around the plaza: the Executive, represented by the Palácio do Planalto (Presidential Office); the Legislative, represented by the Congresso Nacional (National Congress); and the Judiciary, represented by the Supremo Tribunal Federal (Supreme Federal Court).

    The plaza is home to the largest flag in the world to be flown continuously. The Brazilian flag hoisted, weighs about 600 kilograms, and has never been taken down (except for monthly replacements, which are done through a flag ceremony), ever since the capital was inaugurated on April 21st, 1960.

  • Alvorada Palace

    The official residence of the President of Brazil. Also designed by Oscar Niemeyer, the building has been home to every Brazilian President since Juscelino Kubitscheck. The building has an area of 7,000 square meters distributed along three floors: basement, landing and second floor. Located in adjacent buildings within palace grounds are the chapel and the heliport.
  • Itamaraty Palace

    This is the headquarters of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil. The building is surrounded by water which makes it looks like it's floating. There are numerous works by other great artists to display, including sculptures by Maria Martins, Victor Brecheret and Alfredo Ceschiatti, and paintings by Portinari, Manabu Mabe and Alfredo Volpi. Foreign artists such as Frans Post, Rugendas and Debret also depict scenes of Brazil's past.

Contact us for more information on traveling to Brasília.