The Olympic games were established in Ancient Greece about 3,000 years ago, and in the late 19th century was resurrected. Today, the Olympics are the biggest sporting event in the world, gathering millions of people together every other year.
The first modern Olympic games were initiated by the Baron Pierre de Coubertine, and they were held in Athens in 1896. Only 280 athletes from 13 nations attended and competed in 43 events. Since 1994, the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics have been held separately and have alternated every two years. Nowadays, there are around 40 different sports, and 306 medal events held.
2016 will be the first time in the Olympics’ history that the games take place in South America. Until now, the Olympic games have been held 6 times in North America, 17 times in Europe, 3 times in Asia and twice in Oceania.