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The Olympic games were established in Ancient Greece about 3,000 years ago, and in the late 19th century was resurrected. Today, the Olympics are the biggest sporting event in the world, gathering millions of people together every other year.

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From the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D., the games were held every four years in Olympia, Greece during a religious festival in honor of the god Zeus. The name Olympics comes from the city Olympia, and at that time, the Olympic games were known as the Olympiads. Only men could attend the Ancient Olympic Events, and they competed completely naked. There were only a few sports, such as Boxing, Wrestling, Running, Equestrian events and the Pentathlon.

The first modern Olympic games were initiated by the Baron Pierre de Coubertine, and they were held in Athens in 1896. Only 280 athletes from 13 nations attended and competed in 43 events. Since 1994, the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics have been held separately and have alternated every two years. Nowadays, there are around 40 different sports, and 306 medal events held.

2016 will be the first time in the Olympics’ history that the games take place in South America. Until now, the Olympic games have been held 6 times in North America, 17 times in Europe, 3 times in Asia and twice in Oceania.

Watch this cool video about the Olympic movement to learn more!